Identification of potent and selective small molecule inhibitors of the cation channel TRPM4
The paper Identification of potent and selective small molecule inhibitors of the cation channel TRPM4 has been published by the British Journal of Pharmacology.
Background and Purpose
TRPM4 is a calcium‐activated non‐selective cation channel expressed in many tissues and implicated in several diseases, and has not yet been validated as a therapeutic target due to the lack of potent and selective inhibitors. We sought to discover a novel series of small‐molecule inhibitors by combining in silico methods and cell‐based screening assay, with sub‐micromolar potency and improved selectivity from previously reported TRPM4 inhibitors.
Here, we developed a high throughput screening compatible assay to record TRPM4‐mediated Na+ influx in cells using a Na+‐sensitive dye and used this assay to screen a small set of compounds selected by ligand‐based virtual screening using previously known weakly active and non‐selective TRPM4 inhibitors as seed molecules. Conventional electrophysiological methods were used to validate the potency and selectivity of the hit compounds in HEK293 cells overexpressing TRPM4 and in endogenously expressing prostate cancer cell line LNCaP. Chemical chaperone property of compound 5 was studied using Western blots and electrophysiology experiments.
A series of halogenated anthranilic amides were identified with TRPM4 inhibitory properties with sub‐micromolar potency and adequate selectivity. We also showed for the first time that a naturally occurring variant of TRPM4, which displays loss‐of‐expression and function, is rescued by the most promising compound 5 identified in this study.
Conclusions and Implications
The discovery of compound 5, a potent and selective inhibitor of TRPM4 with an additional chemical chaperone feature, revealed new opportunities for studying the role of TRPM4 in human diseases and developing clinical drug candidates.
Author(s): Lijo Cherian Ozhathil, Clémence Delalande, Beatrice Bianchi, Gabor Nemeth, Sven Kappel, Urs Thomet, Daniela Ross‐Kaschitza, Céline Simonin, Matthias Rubin, Jürg Gertsch Martin Lochner, Christine Peinelt, Jean‐Louis Reymond, and Hugues Abriel